Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Reasons for war papers War is brought about by one or a few nations animosity and competition to grow their forces, armed force or land. Lenin additionally referenced that war is likewise over extension over who has more states and force. War is additionally the reaction by which one society attempts to decrease the limit of another general public to acquire its goals. Consequently, Lenins investigation of the reasons for World War 1 is correct. The 3 principle explanations behind the reason for World War 1 are: private enterprise and procuring provinces so as to access modest assets and the confused partnership framework. The most wicked and warlike society is free enterprise. Britain, which is the main entrepreneur state, went to butchering the principal occupants of its first settlements in Ireland and Jamaica. Comparative brutalities likewise happened in British provinces, for example, India and Africa. The key explanation behind a private enterprise society to proceed with war is rivalry. Rivalries drive the least effective to the edge of endurance where just the fittest endure. At the point when a free enterprise nation, for example, England comes to manage its adversary, any methods for strategy is utilized, for example, mechanical reconnaissance, cartels and imposing business models. By and by, brutality and war is additionally included. This occurred in the seventeenth century when the English privateers attacked their Dutch and Spanish contenders. Arms rivalry additionally assumed and significant job in the episode of World War 1. England had a huge naval force and armed force, which, is util ized to flaunt its prevalence over her adversary nations. Germany in this manner felt compromised and furthermore began to construct a monstrous armed force and structure collusions with different nations so as to build the force. This brought about the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria Hungary and Italy. The German financial and military achievement made the nation amazing and hazardous In request to shield their inclinations, for example, settlements and vital courses. Other European nations likewise looked for partners and outfitted th ... <!
Saturday, August 22, 2020
The Cowboy Phenomenon - Essay Example At long last, the cowhand is forceful in light of the fact that nothing can prevent him from accomplishing any objective he wishes to accomplish (Ruud, Geoff and Hugo 156). Ã¢â¬Å"There are a few things a man just canÃ¢â¬â¢t flee fromÃ¢â¬ The principal normal for the cattle rustler includes certain parts of his lives that are obligatory. Thusly, the rancher must play out these capacities since he has no different choices. The capacities could even be hazardous to the cowboyÃ¢â¬â¢s presence. In any case, the cowhand plays out the capacities to fulfill critical desires throughout his life. For instance, in Johnny GuitarÃ¢â¬ , Johnny understands that he is enamored with Vienna. This adoration for Vienna empowers the watchers to experience the primary cattle rustler normal for Johnny Guitar. This is on the grounds that Johnny Guitar keeps up ViennaÃ¢â¬â¢s organization after oneself announced transformed. Guitar thinks about ViennaÃ¢â¬â¢s conceivable contribution in the theft due to criminal history, which Vienna as of now has. In any case, this doesn't prevent Johnny Guitar from sparing his adoration, Vienna. Johnny Guitar knows that it is an incredible hazard to spare Vienna after her catch yet the adoration he has motivates him (Ray). Thus, Charles Cosby shows comparable rancher attributes in Ã¢â¬Å"Cocaine Cowboys 2Ã¢â¬ . The main distinction is that CosbyÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation is the inclination to be effective in the cocaine business, not love. Cosby has excellent fearlessness, which empowers him to compose letters to Blanco. Clearly, Griselda Blanco is a sovereign pin who the vast majority dread. In this manner, CosbyÃ¢â¬â¢s choice to compose the letter to Blanco is equivalent with the main quality of the cowhand. This is on the grounds that Cosby dreams of additionally driving the cocaine business. Later he sets up the cocaine business and is a rich man since he was not hesitant to move toward the back up parent (Corben and Perry). Ã¢â¬Å"A ma n should do what he believes is rightÃ¢â¬ The second quality of the cowpoke urges cowhands to do what they believe is correct paying little mind to different peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s sees. Johnny Guitar assists Vienna with trip of the consuming bar without considering if Vienna was correct or wrong. Johnny Guitar accepts that men should secure the separate ladies who they love. Along these lines, he spares Vienna from all difficulties that face her like when Emma persuades the men to murder Vienna. Essentially, Cosby participates in certain conduct that individuals would some way or another think about improper. For instance, he sells cocaine in the city without thinking about the threats, which he stances to individuals. Cosby is similarly mindful of the outcomes of the cocaine business. He hazards serving prison time like Blanca or in any event, confronting more disciplines that are not kidding. Nonetheless, this information doesn't prevent Cosby from participating in the risky medicati on business. His solitary concern is to be fruitful with the medications, which he understands when he possesses the 40 Million-cocaine business (Ray). Ã¢â¬Å"If everything isnÃ¢â¬â¢t highly contrasting, I state Ã¢â¬Å"why the hellfire not?Ã¢â¬ Finally, the cowhand is forceful in all that he does due to what Johnny Guitar and Charles Cosby uncover in their separate circumstances. For example, Johnny Guitar guarantees that he spares Vienna when Emma proposes slaughtering Vienna. It is among the most hazardous choices he makes in the whole film. This is a result of ViennaÃ¢â¬â¢s past and the resentment, which Emma and her posse have for Vienna. Clearly, Emma would likewise execute any individual who was on ViennaÃ¢â¬â¢s side. Be that as it may, that couldn't keep Johnny Guitar from confronting the irate
Tuesday, August 18, 2020
Diet Tips That Never Work Bad Advice on Losing Weight HomeâºInformative PostsâºBad Advice on Losing Weight Informative PostsNowadays, there are many misconceptions about the healthy diet. If you cannot touch French fries without feeling guilty and constantly avoid egg yolk, you are certainly affected by the common diet myths. Learn how to sort out misconceptions by reading through the worst diet tips that should always be avoided.Famous misconceptions about weight loss dietIf you eat fat, you become fatAccording to famous nutritionists, there are fats that will never lead to weight gain. These are good fats that can be found in salmon, nuts, and avocados. They increase general health and protect heart. On the other hand, fats in cookies, chips, and greasy foods increase cholesterol levels causing different diseases and stimulating weight gain.Stop snacking if you want to lose weightThis tip is wrong because eating small portions is a healthier choice than eating 2-3 times per day. Snacks that include nuts, yogurts, and fruits help to curb hunger and provide you with more energy during the day.You should count caloriesDieticians claim that not all calories are the same. The effect of a certain amount of calories a person consumes during a day depends on timing and quality of food. For instance, 50 calories found in an apple cause different reactions in the human body from those 50 calories found in a cake.Consume more proteinsIt is wrong to assume than focusing on protein and avoiding foods not to eat will help you lose weight. The matter is that our body needs three important macronutrients to function properly: protein, fat, and carbohydrates. When a person cuts on fat and carbohydrates, there are higher risks of serious health problems.When you cannot find the reason of your weight gain, reread the worst diet tips and think what you might be doing wrong. Consider these tips not to follow for your diet, make wise food choices, and learn how to lose weight easily!
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Jessica Odessa Shepherd Human Development and Learning - FHT4 Western Governors University Student ID 259630 FHT4 - Task 1 Cognitive Development refers to the construction of the thought process that includes problem solving, remembering and the ability to make decisions, from childhood up to the adulthood stage. Cognitive/Intellectual Development is the ability to learn, reason, and analyze the fact that a process begins from infancy and progresses as the individual (Educational Psychology). Cognitive Development contains events that are logical, like thinking and remembering. Some factors remain the same throughout many of the theories on cognitive development. All theorists agree that people go through specific steps and/orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky both agree and disagree in the area of the Nature/Development of Intelligence. Piaget and Vygotsky agree on the idea of constructivism, the certainty that cognitive development happens by accumulation to and building from what is previously recognized and learned. Piaget was a trivial constructivist, he believed that indiv iduals acquire knowledge by interacting with their environment and building on their knowledge and understanding of their environment. On the other hand, Lev Vygotsky was a social constructivist, believing individuals acquire knowledge through social interaction and learning from others. They also both agree that the restrictions of intellectual growth are defined by social interactions. Individuals acquire knowledge from interactions that they have already been exposed to and what other people can teach them, whether if it other children that are older than they are, adults in the life, or teachers. Jean Piaget believed that individuals acquire their knowledge by interacting in their environment, and it comes as a direct outcome of the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s actions on to their environment. Piaget believed that individuals must learn before they develop (Educational Psychology). According to Jean PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory, the order of acquiring knowledge is an individual acts upon their environment, learning from the consequences of their actions, and then developing knowledge and understanding of
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Jose Lopez September 22, 2016 ARC 5205 Advanced Theory Professor Neil Leach Computational Design Thinking The dominance of computational programs in the architectural career has become dominant throughout the years. It could be said that it has taken over the entire practice and that the human aspect had been taken out completely. In the book Computational Design Thinking, by Achim Menges and Sean Ahlquist this is discussed. It is important to understand how certain things work in an environment in other to comprehend how a design computer system actually works. In order to do so, a system generating a system, history and cybernetics, and how the machine and men interact needs to be analyzed. In doing so, it is determined that one cannot exist without the other. A system generating a systems dominates the idea of computational design. A system has to ideas explained in the book. The first idea is a system as a whole. The system as a whole refers to a particular holistic view of a single thing. While a generating system does not refer to a single thing; but a combination of things that include rules that are capable of generating many things. A system can only become a system if it has a holistic property. Meaning that if the object could have different meaning depending the approach. For example a flower; when given as a gift it is just a flower. It is not thought of as a system it is just an object to the receiver. If the same flower is looked about in a different way itShow MoreRelatedCombined Rigour Of Rational Decisions And Computational1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCOMBINED RIGOUR OF RATIONAL DECISIONS AND COMPUTATIONAL SHAPE GRAMMAR FOR DESIGN OF SOCIAL HOUSING Ar. Prof. Dhanashree Sardeshpande, Ar. Radha Mallawat Abstract Design Process, traditionally is a very intuitive and subjective process. The design outcome is highly dependent on the architectÃ¢â¬â¢s concept, which may or may not be expressed graphically. Shape grammar is a design tool that has been used from earlier times as an ordering principle of design. The development of digital tools has instrumentalisedRead MoreThe Role Of The Textile Design?1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestextile design-er can enrich the design process in HCI. It will advocate embodiment as a de-sign methodology by focusing on a subjective, visceral engagement with mate-rial and physical computing using tacit textiles expertise. This theoretical prem-ise is explored drawing on the fields of soft robotics, organic user interfaces and transitive materials for the fabrication of a responsive textile composite. The research uses a range of theoretical references to support its concepts of design thinkingRead MoreThe, Made By Robots : Challenging Architecture At A Larger Scale Essay1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMorales ARC 5205 Advanced Theory Professor Neil Leach Pages: 16-45 Gramazio + Kohler, Made by Robots: Challenging Architecture at a Larger Scale The book questions whether the new digital technologies can impact and change the architectural and material practice of today, Gramazio Kohler explored the potentials of robot- induced design and how robots can help enrich the physical nature of architecture, to inform the material processes and to merge the computational design with the construction realizationRead MoreThe Computational Theory Of Mind1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe computational theory of mind explains that our brains are made of information processors. Every part of brainÃ¢â¬âneuronÃ¢â¬â¢s axon and molecules, all these nerve cellÃ¢â¬â¢s propose is to be an information carrier. The neurons are like sophisticated chips and with billion of neurons, you ended up with one powerful computational device, which is brain. Brain is one hunk of matter that is intelligent things that allows human beings to have cognitive equipment to processes of human perception, problem solvingRead MoreComputer Technology : The Conce pts Of Safety-Critical Software1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseffective communication between clients, developers, and coders, critical errors can become numerous. As software engineers, we have the duty to design, test, and implement safety-critical software with upmost pristine care. When designing software, itÃ¢â¬â¢s in our best interest to keep either clients or users safety in mind. 1. Creativity, critical thinking, ethical discussion and cultural awareness are fundamental skills to succeed in training students for the 21st century (Section 1, Page 38). AsRead MoreImportance Of Synthetic Biology : High-Technology Perishable Designs952 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHigh-tech Perishable Designs - Synthetic Biology Our journey of moving from homogenous to heterogeneous, from bio-mimicry to synthetic biology, of rationally engineer microorganisms dates back to 1990s. Synthetic biologyÃ¢â¬âunlike chemistryÃ¢â¬âis involved in the technical alteration of animate nature. Building on recent advances in genetic science and technology, synthetic biology aims to understand the molecular fundamentals of the metabolic and reproductive functions of simple single-cell organisms preciselyRead MoreThe Importance Of Maintenance On Government Systems1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbehind pattern recognition that powers the act of text mining. The theoretical roots of natural language processing can be traced to seminal papers in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, with computational based papers beginning to emerge in the late 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s (Manning and Schutze, 1999). It is important to understand how the theory led to the computational practice, as well as the limitations of the process given the statistical and theoretical background of the subject. This review will only cover a handful of statisticalRead MoreComputer Science Is Not A Basic Complexity1808 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesof these impacts is the introduction of computational thinking. Computational Thinking is a process that generalizes a solution to open ended problems. Open-ended problems encourage full, meaningful answers based on multiple variables, which are derived using abstraction and automation. When solving open ended problems, computer scientists abstract notions from both the physical and theoretical worlds. Unlike mathematical notions which only consider theory, computer science combines both aspectsRead MoreHistory1717 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThesis Preparation Have visualizations been a good tool to use in the world of Design? In my assignment, I will be looking at how the general use of certain softwareÃ¢â¬â¢s and digital technology has taken the world of architecture and Interior Design in another era. And how other articles and journals supports that view and donÃ¢â¬â¢t. At the moment, we are living in a world of advanced technology where everything is taught using digital technology, whether it be a mobile device, anRead MoreUrban Planning For The New Buildings Essay1825 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesconcepts and theories of urban planning were set by researchers in order to make our surrounding environment a better place to live. Without continuous creation of urban planning and active implementation, we will not be able to achieve an environment conducive to a good life that we aspire. Traditionally, urban planning process consists of a sequence of phases that may vary or overlap to suit the project nature. During the preliminary stages of urban planning process, the conceptual design phase includes
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Topic: To what extent does the hypothesis of bona fide, yet Ã¢â¬ËmissingÃ¢â¬â¢, civilization in the Palaeolithic era make sense to you? Palaeolithic meaning old stone, which is about (2. 6 million years Ã¢â¬â 300,000 years ago). Having a Lower, Middle and Upper stone age for Palaeolithic. We will write a custom essay sample on Civilization in Paleolithic Era or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the Palaeolithic era climate was the pacemaker of change. As the world grew colder, the new climatic conditions restricted the habitat, certain species disappeared. Every time the climate changed the new conditions suited other animals. Each Ice Age last between fifty and a hundred thousand years as so mentioned in Ã¢â¬Å"The New Penguin History of the WorldÃ¢â¬ written by J. M Roberts. He mentions Ã¢â¬Å"Evidence of the glaciations and their effects is now available from all oceans and continents and they provide the backbone for prehistory chronology. Ã¢â¬ I did research and came across a website http://www. sciencedaily. com/releases/2004/04/040421234349. htm. It has evidence that supports the three major glaciation events that occurred in the past. Robert Tucker and Zhanxiong Peng of the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Washington University of St. Louis implicated that Ã¢â¬Å"There would be no communication between the atmosphere and the ocean. The deep ocean would quickly become free of oxygen because light would not be able to penetrate the ice to fuel algae. Above the ice, there would be little rain or snow because there would be little evaporation. Many organisms that lived in milder conditions would become extinct. Ã¢â¬ Investigation shows that there are at least three levels of glacial deposits. Each ice age destroyed the habitats of creatures that had adapted to the arctic condition. But after each glaciation new species spread. As time went on, one branch lead to apes and the other lead to human beings, this line was named hominids. Indicated by J. M Roberts, Ã¢â¬Å"The first hominid fossil found in Kenya and Ethiopia are dated only 4. 5 million years ago. Ã¢â¬ But then a French fossil hunter discovered a fossil in Chadian desert year 2001; nearly complete cranium, pieces of jawbone and teeth. They pinned down the age of this fossil, which they say is between 6. 8 and 7. 2 million years old. (Information found in http://afp. google. com/article/ALeqM5gjCJ41Mm-Li6gU9Rd4n1DXPlm7Gg . ) So as to what is happening, fossil hunters, geologist, archeologist, scientist etc. keep discovering new fossils with different ages and keep pushing back our timelines. So saying the truth we are not sure exactly when the hominids where first taking place in our timeline. Who knows what there is yet to be discovered. Going to a description and comparison of a hominid and primate. Those with a small cranium were consider primates because the brain was not too intelligent. As time went on the brain developed little by little. More common sense, but as that happened the brain grew, therefore having a much bigger cranium, which were then classified as hominids. Hominids developed reasoning, a sense of communication and had a system of control, which is the beginning of the creation of human beings. Primates communicate with signals, went on natural instincts, and had no system of control. Their method was adaptation to life and the environment around them. Which if IÃ¢â¬â¢m not mistaken is what we now call wild animals. We are the top of the food chain. We are the fittest to survival. Why, because we have intelligence, logic and reasoning. We have common sense to avoid casual mistakes that can cause our lives. Professor Paul S. Burdett from Raritan Valley Community College, Branchburg NJ wrote a document named Ã¢â¬Å"What Is Human? Ã¢â¬ . It describes three main parts of what makes us human and has a comparison to what is not classified to be human. 1. Reasoning is the power to think, and understand. Mind solves problems and the body has a reaction to everything but think before react. As for primates, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re mind and reactions are not reasonable like ours. 2. Language is our form of communication. Without communication we have nothing. With language we have grammar and syntax an arrangement that focuses on a relationship between words. . System of control, which keeps things organized. Having a social life. Under that category come family, tribes, and clans. Which are all in relation and come with a natural connectivity as in a connection in blood or DNA. Examples; mother, son, grandfather, cousins, aunts, including mother-in-law and so on. Now beyond that comes communities, societies, culture an d civilization. Which is an organization of non-related people. People working together to make a living. As for primates, they only go with their instincts and communicate with signals. And cannot go any much further than that. So my definition for being a human is one who exhibits a sense of humanity, compassion, civilization, and consideration towards mankind. An understanding, organization, and sense of communication. So is it possible that such a civilization could have existed? There was a point in time where the hominids decided to just settle down. Having water, and food near them. So they did not have to travel far. In the process tools were created, fire, a sense a religion, a stable living style, a sense of emotion, farming. All of these things is what started civilization. And civilization was not established until the Upper Palaeolithic Era. Without everything being done, no civilization would have been created. Till this day discoveries are made. The only way to know if something really existed is by evidence. And by evidence I mean fossils, skeletons, art, grave goods, Ã¢â¬Å"ARTIFACTS! Ã¢â¬ Artifacts is all we have. The only problem is that from what I have understood is that we have more evidence going towards the Upper Palaeolithic Era. In J. M Roberts book (Book 1, Chapter 2, last paragraph on pg. 1) he stated, Ã¢â¬Å"To separate Upper and Lower Palaeolithic is easy; the division represents the physical factsÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ the most recent and therefore fossils and artifacts found among them are later found then lower. Ã¢â¬ Meaning more evidence is found in the Upper. Ã¢â¬Å"Almost all the artifacts that survived in Palaeolithic are made from stone, none are made of metalÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ whi ch stone artifacts provide the largest significant body of evidence. Ã¢â¬ So from what is seems stones where most likely to be preserved then metal. Neolithic Revolution involved far more than the adoption of a limited set of food producing techniques. The making of small groups of hunter, gatherers that had hitherto dominated human history into sedentary societies based in built up villages and towns, which radically modified their natural environment by means of specialized food crop cultivation that allowed extensive surplus food production. These developments provided the basis for high population density settlements, specialized and complex labor diversification, trading economies, the development of art, architecture, and culture. All these things are well described in a book called Ã¢â¬Å"The Breakout: The Origins Of CivilizationÃ¢â¬ written by Martha Lamberg-Karlovsky. The Revolution developed independently in different parts of the world, not just in the Fertile Crescent. The Mediterranean climate has a long dry season with a short period of rain, which made it suitable for small plants with large seeds, like wheat and barley. The Oasis Theory, originally proposed by Raphael Pumpelly in 1908, maintains that as the climate got drier due to the Atlantic depressions shifting northward, communities contracted to oases where they were forced into close association with animals, which were then domesticated together with planting of seeds. Agriculture, known as farming. Which was turning point. No more long travel, everything at hand and the sense of trading. With trading came leader, which meant government. With all that said societies. In this part of time, known art was a way of recording things in their time. There were caves that have been found with carved drawings. Showing life itself, and how everything was before. Art created by stones, mud as paint, and drawings on top of other drawings creating stories that have yet to be discovered. Every time we think we found the oldest society another older one pops up. Everyday life was not able to be recorded. Communication was not able to be recorded. Records in that era took a lot of time and dedication. So in our sense, was there civilization in the Palaeolithic Era? I think there was. Even though there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t much evidence, it actually makes sense. Like in the quote, Ã¢â¬Å"If a tree falls in the forest but no one is there to hear it, does it still make a sound? Ã¢â¬ Just because we did not witness it, it does not mean it did not exist. How to cite Civilization in Paleolithic Era, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the PayWave Technology for Radio Frequency Identification. Answer: Introduction PayWave technology is a mode of payment that allows customers pay using their enabled card or mobile device(s) at the point of sale terminal by simply waving their card or mobile device in front of a secure reader at the checkout. It is an alternative to swiping or handing your card over to a cashier. PayWave uses contactless technology where someone with a card only has to wave their card in front of a card reader, and the PayWave terminal reads and processes the transaction. PayWave cards may use RFD (radio-frequency identification) or NFC (near field communication) (Blecker, 2008). PayWave payments are made in close physical propinquity to the readers at the point of sale terminals. A near field communication chip together with a radio antenna embedded into the card transmits the customers information to the point of sale terminal permitting contactless payment. Business Operation Oz Supermarket has employed PayWave technology in their retail outlet and used this technology in receiving payments for the goods they sell. Oz Supermarket entirely uses PayWave technology. Those customers who would like to make purchases at their outlet have to have a PayWave card. Those who dont have the card have to make a temporary cash deposit at the front desk and be issued with a store-issued PayWave card. The PayWave technology is aided by a special radio-frequency identifier reader installed on trolleys to enable automatic queuing for payment and also automatic removal from the queue those items removed from the carts by the customers as they pick their items. Carrying out transactions using PayWave technology is fast. The client does not need a PIN when making purchases. Payment and account information is transmitted wirelessly as long as the payment device is in proximity to the reader (Lerner, 2013). The contactless card has a secure integrated circuit generated from energy transferred from the reader by producing a radio frequency field that induces an electric current in the integrated circuits antenna. This makes it possible for the information contained in the cards to be passed very fast to the card readers. PayWave technology is also secure. The cards make use of cryptography and secure network processing. The cards have a private key and certificate used to sign transactions and is never transmitted therefore it cannot be accessed. The contactless transactions generate a unique code based on its secret key for each transaction (Zheng, 2016). This makes it possible for the card users to track their spending history. The terminals at the point of sale terminals also verify the cards digital signature over the transaction data improving the security of the card in addition to the several layers of security which have been put in place to protect the card. Customers who use PayWave cards benefit from zero liability. The customers are protected against unauthorised transactions or fraud with a one hundred percent reimbursement. This is especially true for clients issued with a card and does not apply to certain card transactions. One must inform their financial institution without delay of any unauthorised use. In the case of loss or defacement of the card, the user of the card has the duty to inform the institution that issued the card so that the appropriate action can be taken. Some of the institutions also provide protection for online transactions, domestic transactions, in-store transactions, phone operations and oversea transactions. PayWave technology is convenient. Clienteles making purchases using their card do not need signatures or PINS to make purchases. All they need to do is pass their cards in proximity to the card readers found at the point of sale terminals. Once a customer waves their card in front of the card readers, the necessary deductions according to the purchases made are charged on the card. PayWave technology is also easy to use. The customer using a card does not need to swipe their card either do they need to give their card to an attendant at the point of sale terminal. As long as the user of the card is within a range of about two inches and can swipe the card near the card reader, they can make acquisitions at the store. Recommendations Oz Supermarket should consider other payment options to increase diversity and flexibility in payment for the goods bought. They can also include credit cards, VISA cards, Master cards and mobile payments like Apple Pay, Android Pay and Samsung Pay (Hu et.al, 2005). This will enable those customers without a PayWave card to also buy from the store with what they have. This will be convenient for them since they will not have to go through the process of acquiring a store-issued PayWave card. This will save on time. It will also encourage those without PayWave card which is a must have for one to buy goods at the outlet to stop shying away from the outlet. The store should look for a way to take care of the overheads incurred by the store-issued cards. This can be done by sharing the costs with the customers to reduce the charges incurred by the retail outlet as a result of extra charges arising from the radio frequency identification chips. The customers should be informed of this to improve the transparency of services. The store should have a centralised place to do bagging. The place where this is done should have enough attendants to aid customers to pack the goods they have purchased. This is especially necessary where the client has purchased several items. It may be inconvenient for the customers to bag the goods they have bought. This may be true in case the person has a disability. This can discourage customers from making further subsequent visits to the place. The retail outlet should implement a system that can show promptly those cards that do not have sufficient funds to pay for the items put in the shopping trolleys. The radio frequency identification on the trolleys should be linked to the card readers at the point of sale terminals. This linking will show the clients promptly if they have funds in their cards that will be able to pay for the goods they have picked or not long before they reach the point of sale terminals to make their payments. The trolleys can be fitted with light emitting diodes that produce the required light according to the situation i.e. they may decide to use a green light to show that the purchaser has enough funds and maybe yellow light to warn the customer that they do not have adequate resources. This will save on time as the customers will be able to remove goods in advance without having to do this at the point of sale terminal after the card reader beeps. Oz Supermarket should have employees on standby to help their customers in case they run into problems. There should be staff to assist those who may need assistance. These officials may have technical skills that may enable them to handle special functionalities like failed RFID chips on the trolleys, failed card readers at the point of sale terminals. There should also be employees to assist the buyers in identifying the shelves with the goods they need. The store should implement the right security measures to ensure that their system and customers are safe from fraudsters. Oz Supermarket can employ cryptography over their network encompassing their point of sale terminals, CCVTVs and RFID chips found in their trolleys. They should also use a relational database that is up to date and automatically update according to the activities carried out in their system. The files in the database should be encrypted. Physical security of CCTV cameras should be considered to ensure that there is no breach in the safety of the enterprise (Kruegle, 2007). Security and access controls should also be implemented to ensure all users are sufficiently protected (Damjanovski, 2005). The retail outlet should also have a backup system. The backup system can be on standby and could come in in case there are any problems with the system. The backup will come in handy where a need to restore lost functionalities within the system becomes necessary. The management of Oz Supermarket may decide to implement full backup, incremental backup, differential backup or virtual full backup according to their needs. A full backup will enable them to copy all files and store them according to their schedule. Incremental backup will be done in a continuous manner as needed. A differential backup is necessary where the persons involved would only like to preserve the data that has changed since the last full backup. Virtual full backup is done automatically by backup software according to specifications. Conclusion Oz Supermarket is a retail outlet that has implemented modern technology in their system to aid in payment of goods at their store. These measures are positive and in my opinion, have impacted positively on the activities of the retail store. With other improvements like the introduction of other payment platforms like mobile payments the services offered will be better. Customer experience may also improve if these improvements are made making the outlet have a competitive edge against other players in the market (Hennig-Thurau, 2000). References Blecker, T., Huang, G. Q., Bajic, E. (2008). RFID in operations and supply chain management: Research and applications. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag. CARDIS (Conference), Grimaud, G., Standaert, F.-X. (2008). Smart card research and advanced applications: 8th IFIP WG 8.8/11.2 international conference, CARDIS 2008, London, UK, September 8-11, 2008 ; proceedings. Berlin: Springer. Damjanovski, V. (2005). CCTV: Networking and digital technology. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Butterworth Heinemann. Hennig-Thurau, T. (2000). Relationship marketing: Gaining competitive advantage through customer satisfaction and customer retention : with 24 tables. Berlin [u.a.: Springer. Hu, W. C., Lee, C.-W., Kou, W. (2005). Advances in security and payment methods for mobile commerce. Hershey, PA: Idea Group. Kruegle, H. (2007). CCTV surveillance: Analog and digital video practices and technology. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann. Lerner, T. (2013). Mobile Payment. (Mobile payment.) Wiesbaden: Imprint: Springer Vieweg. Preston, W. C. (2007). Backup and recovery. Beijing: O'Reilly. Shelly, G. B., Vermaat, M. (2008). Discovering computers 2009: Brief. Australia: Course Technology. Shooman, M. L. (2002). Reliability of computer systems and networks: Fault tolerance, analysis and design. New York: Wiley-Interscience. Swift, R. S. (2001). Accelerating customer relationships: Using CRM and relationship technologies. Upper Saddle River, N.J. [u.a.: Prentice Hall PTR. Tschauner, L. (2012). Rule of Thumb: A Guide to small business customer service and relationships. Omaha, Nebr: WriteLife. Zheng, F., Kaiser, T. (2016). Digital signal processing for RFID.